The Norman Transcript

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February 10, 2014

Data shows prescription drug abuse problem

NORMAN — Oklahoma pharmacies filled nearly 10 million prescriptions for narcotic painkillers and other controlled dangerous substances last year, according to newly obtained state data.

Those prescriptions — an average of 68 per patient, including refills — contained 597 million doses of painkillers, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, steroids and other controlled pharmaceuticals tracked by the state’s Prescription Monitoring Program.

Nearly 16,000 medical professionals are registered to write narcotics prescriptions in Oklahoma. About 1,500 of them accounted for nearly three-fourths of all controlled substance prescriptions filled in 2013, officials said.

The statistics, provided to Oklahoma Watch in response to an open records request, also show that many medical professionals do not routinely check the PMP’s online database before writing or refilling scripts. Under current law, they are not required to do so.

“The more we drill down, the more we realize that we obviously have a prescription drug problem in Oklahoma,” said Darrell Weaver, director of the Oklahoma Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs.

“We’ve got to be aggressive in doing something to drive these numbers down.”

Meanwhile, the toll from prescription drug abuse continues to rise. In 2012, the most recent year for which data is available, 844 Oklahomans were killed by overdoses, most of them accidental. That’s more than the 708 people killed in vehicle crashes that year.

Three out of four overdose deaths involved prescription drugs, often in combination.

The prescribing data, compiled by Weaver’s bureau, provides new insight into one of the causes of Oklahoma’s escalating prescription drug crisis.

It also provides ammunition to Gov. Mary Fallin and others who want the Legislature to take new steps this year to require more physician participation in the PMP.

“I think it’s more likely than not that we will endorse an approach that will have an element of mandatory checks of the Prescription Monitoring Program,” said Fallin’s general counsel, Steve Mullins.

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