Today, women in my homeland are gaining new rights and increasingly asserting themselves in politics — and this momentous shift in traditional gender relationships opens up new possibilities for the pursuit of democracy and regional peace. Women in civic associations and in government can lead the way to pluralistic democracy and support international negotiations toward a sustainable peace in the region.
The best way to put the state’s house in order is by further developing responsive and pluralistic democratic government. Historical foundations for pluralist democracy in Jammu and Kashmir were established by the revolutionary metamorphosis of the agrarian economy during the 1950s, which had groundbreaking political consequences in a previously feudal economy.
Building on the earlier gains, a pluralistic government can now ensure further economic, social and educational gains for women and marginalized groups.
The first step is for local government to assure basic equality. Women citizens should be accorded equal rights with men in all fields of national life — economic, cultural, political and in government services. Women should have the right to work in every line of employment for terms and wages equal to those for men.
Women would be assured of equality with men in education, social insurance and job conditions, The law should protect mothers and children but not use motherhood as an excuse to hamstring women.
Not just in Jammu and Kashmir, but in many parts of the world, women can play an important role in establishing a more inclusive democracy and new forums for citizen cooperation.
Women offer new ideas, build broad-based political coalitions and work to bridge organizational divides. Women active in politics must aim not just to improve the position of their particular organizations but also to forge connections across differences to resolve conflicts and rebuild a society.
Women, I think, more so than men, understand that the whole population, after all, and just not any one faction, has suffered from the ongoing conflict. Let the women lead. They will help bring peace.
Dr. Nyla Ali Khan is a faculty member at the University of Oklahoma and a member of the Scholars Strategy Network. She is the author of “Islam, Women, and Violence in Kashmir: Between India and Pakistan” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) and “Parchment of Kashmir: History, Society, and Polity” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012).