Islam’s approach to the issue of birth control and abortion is very balanced. It allows women to prevent pregnancy (for a valid reason) but forbids them to terminate it except in certain cases: if there is a clear threat to the life of the mother with continuation of pregnancy; if there is complete assurance that the fetus will have obvious mental or physical defects after birth; or in cases of rape, but most Muslim scholars hold that the child of rape is a legitimate child and, thus, it would be sinful to kill this child.
There are differences among Muslim scholars as to permissibility and timing of abortion.
Some Muslims argue that abortion is permissible if the fetus is younger than 4 months (120 days).
They quote a statement from the Prophet(s) that refers to a human being starting as a fertilized ovum in the uterus of the mother for 40 days, then it grows into a clot for the same period, then into a morsel of flesh for the same period.
Assuming the quotation to be authentic, some scholars misunderstand the intent.
Aborting a fetus even before 120 days is still killing a living entity, and Muslim jurists have agreed unanimously that after the fetus is completely formed and has been given a soul, abortion is unlawful.
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