OKLAHOMA CITY — Carter Camp, a onetime activist with the American Indian Movement who was a leader in the Wounded Knee occupation in South Dakota, has died in Oklahoma. He was 72.
Camp’s sister, Casey Camp-Horinek, said Thursday he died Dec. 27 in White Eagle. Camp-Horinek said her brother had been suffering from cancer for the past year.
Camp, a member of the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma, was a member of the American Indian Movement, organizing more than 30 chapters in Oklahoma, Camp-Horinek said. The American Indian Movement was founded in the late 1960s to protest the U.S. government’s treatment of Native Americans and demand that the government honor its treaties with Indian tribes.
He had a leading role in the Trail of Broken Treaties in 1972, in which a caravan of Native American activists drove across the country to Washington, D.C., to protest treaties between tribes and the federal government. They took over the Bureau of Indian Affairs for several days.
The following year, Carter headed to South Dakota with other AIM leaders. There they organized the Wounded Knee uprising, a 71-day siege that included several gun battles with federal officers.
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